TAM 335: Introductory Fluid Mechanics

Class Description:

Fluid statics; continuity, momentum, and energy principles via control volumes; ideal and real fluid flow; introduction to the Navier Stokes equation; similitude; laminar and turbulent boundary layers; closed-conduit flow, open-channel flow, and turbomachinery. Lecture/lab format. Prerequisite: TAM 212. 4 undergraduate hours.


Introduction (2 hr lecture, 4 hr lab)
Definitions, properties, systems of units
Table of contents
Laboratory introduction
Laboratory procedures

Fluid statics (3 hr lecture, 2 hr lab)
Pressure, pressure variation, manometry, forces on plane and submerged surfaces, buoyancy
Laboratory A: Hydrostatics and manometry*

Flow kinematics (5 hr lecture, 2 hr lab)
Velocity, acceleration, flow visualization, control-volume concepts, continuity principles, flow nets
Laboratory B: Flow visualization*

Fluid dynamics (6 hr lecture, 4 hr lab)
Momentum and energy principles, Euler and Bernoulli equations, application of basic principles to flow of ideal and real fluids, separation, cavitation, introduction to the Navier-Stokes equations, statistical/stochastic flow fields and turbulence
Laboratory J: Viscometry*
Laboratory F: Calibration of flowmeters
Laboratory C: Flow around a bend in a rectangular duct
Laboratory G: Air flow through a nozzle

Similitude (2 hr lecture, 2 hr lab)
Dimensional analysis, dimensionless similarity parameters
Laboratory W: Similarity study of overflow spillways*

Closed-conduit flow (6 hr lecture, 4 hr lab) Laminar and turbulent flows, pipe roughness and friction, the Moody diagram, minor (fitting) losses, hydraulic and energy gradelines, pipe systems and branching flows
Laboratory N: Friction losses in pipe flow*
Laboratory K: Head losses in a pipe with elbows

Boundary layers (4 hr lecture, 0 hr lab)
Laminar and turbulent layers, growth, local shear relations, total drag transition

Flow around a body (2 hr lecture, 2 hr lab)
Lift, drag, vortex shedding, separation, streamlining
Laboratory D: Drag forces on various bodies*

Open-channel flows (6 hr lecture, 4 hr lab)
Uniform flow, specific energy critical depth, gradually varying flow, free-surface profiles, hydraulic jump Laboratory V: Open-channel flow*
Laboratory Y: Hydraulic jump in a horizontal channel
Laboratory U: Water table

Turbomachinery (5 hr lecture, 4 hr lab)
Pumps, turbines (impulse, reaction), turbosimilitude, specific speed
Laboratory T: Characteristics of a centrifugal pump*
Laboratory S: Characteristics of a Francis reaction turbine

Hour exams (3)
TOTAL HOURS: 44 hr lecture, 28 hr lab


ME:  ME 310 required instead.

EM:  Required.

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